Policy & Projects

Policy & Projects


The Energy Efficiency Council produces policy reports on areas of interest to its members and the wider energy efficiency and management industry. EEC reports highlight best practice locally and globally, delving into energy market reform, energy efficiency schemes, appliance standards and saving energy in buildings, manufacturing, transport and more.






Clean Energy, Clean Demand - 2023
Enabling a zero emissions energy system with energy management, renewables and electrification

Click cover to download the full report
Click cover to download the full report.

Australia is in the midst of an unprecedented energy transformation. In 2022, the federal government set a target of 82 per cent renewables in our electricity system by 2030.

Since then, the national debate has focused on how we build the renewables, networks and storage we need to rapidly replace ageing coal fired generation.

But what about the other side of the system? What needs to happen behind the meter – from efficiency to electrification to energy management – to enable the rapid rollout of renewables and the decarbonisation of our energy use?

Clean Energy, Clean Demand outlines the critical role the demand side will play in the 21st century energy system. It is a roadmap for how we integrate renewables, electrification and energy management to rapidly decarbonise our economy while getting the best possible outcome for businesses and households.

Above: spread taken from the executive summary, Clean Energy, Clean Demand.

 The report is a new way of thinking about managing our energy use. It illustrates how, as energy supply changes, our energy use must change with it, taking actions that:

  • Maximise the direct use of low-cost, zero emissions renewable energy
  • Minimise energy use during ‘pinch points’ – when supply is low and demand is high
  • Closely integrate energy demand with supply to drive down system costs.

Key findings 

  • Managing demand – as well as supply – is critical for a fast, reliable and affordable energy transition
    Australia’s electricity system must deliver reliable, affordable energy while rapidly reducing emissions to near-zero. This challenge cannot be underestimated. As investments are made in generation, storage and networks, demand management will make transforming the energy system easier, faster and more affordable.
  • Electrifying efficiently will support the rapid, affordable decarbonisation of electricity
    To decarbonise at the rate required over the next decade, a huge amount of Australia’s gas, petrol and diesel use will need to be electrified, especially in buildings and light transport. Electrifying loads efficiently and managing the demand placed on electricity grids will reduce the amount of supply-side infrastructure that needs to be built, accelerating decarbonisation while reducing costs.
  • Driving down the total cost of our energy systems will reduce bills for consumers
    As Australia charts a path forward, focus should be placed on minimising the total cost to society of providing energy services through balanced investment across electricity generation, storage, networks, equipment and energy management. Reducing the amount consumers have to pay for energy services, such as warm homes and transport, is key.
  • Transforming energy demand requires urgent focus
    Over the past two decades, substantial efforts have been made to transform Australia’s energy supply, but far less effort has been put into how energy is used. Unlocking the potential of energy management to support the transition to net zero requires urgent action.

Above: opening spread from chapter 4, Clean Energy, Clean Demand.


Click here to download Clean Energy, Clean Demand.

The World’s First Fuel: How energy efficiency is reshaping global energy systems 

Major global economies, including China, Germany, India, Japan and the United States, are making huge strides to improve their energy efficiency and adjust when they use energy. International reports released in the past year, such as the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy's (ACEEE) 2018 International Energy Efficiency Scorecard, have shown that Australia currently ranks worst out of developed countries when it comes to energy policy and performance.

The EEC’s latest flagship report, The World’s First Fuel: How energy efficiency is reshaping global energy systems, examines the energy efficiency policies that these global leaders have introduced, and what the key lessons are for Australia. The report is informed by extensive research and interviews with global experts from the US, Europe and Asia, and is aimed at senior decision makers.

This report examines key energy management policies in other countries. It is not intended as an exhaustive review of international practice. Instead it highlights a number of policies and programs that Australia should adopt to ensure that our energy system is affordable, reliable and sustainable.

Click here to download The World’s First Fuel: How energy efficiency is reshaping global energy systems

Save Energy, Cut Bills, Improve Reliability - 2017

Long-term conversation is important, but we need to get started straight away if we are going to have any hope of meeting this target. That's why the Energy Efficiency Council also released Save Energy, Cut Bills, Improve Reliability – 2017-18 Policy Priorities for an Energy Efficient Australia. This document sets out our case for immediate action and a set of priority policies that should be the focus of governments around Australia in 2017-18.

Click here to download Save Energy, Cut Bills, Improve Reliability

Australian Energy Efficiency Policy Handbook

In 2016, the EEC launched the first edition of the Australian Energy Efficiency Policy Handbook. The Handbook is a comprehensive guide to the policies that are essential to drive ambitious energy efficiency improvements in Australia.

The Australian Energy Efficiency Policy Handbook was developed in close consultation with experts from across Australia's energy sector. It provides state and federal governments with a detailed plan and evidence-based recommendations for driving a step change in energy efficiency across all sectors of the Australian economy.

The EEC will release a second edition of the Handbook in the second half of 2019. This edition takes into account the feedback we receive on the first edition and any new data that becomes available. In this way, we hope to build a consensus on what constitutes sensible, stable and economically prudent energy efficiency policy in Australia.

Click here to download the Australian Energy Efficiency Policy Handbook